BETA

A chronology of the Book of Mormon

c. 600 B.C. - Lehi 1 prophesies destruction of Jerusalem (1 Ne. 1:13), takes his family into the wilderness by the Red Sea (1 Ne. 2:2-5); the time of leaving Jerusalem begins the first method of reckoning time among Book of Mormon peoples.

Between 600-592 B.C. - Lehi's sons obtain the plates of brass from Laban (1 Ne. 3,4); Zoram 1 (1 Ne. 4:35) and Ishmael 1 (1 Ne. 7:5) join Lehi's family in wilderness; Zoram 1 and sons of Lehi 1 marry daughters of Ishmael 1 (1 Ne. 16:7); they wander in wilderness for eight years (1 Ne. 17:4).

Group arrives at seashore where Nephi 1 is commanded to build a ship to carry "thy people across these waters" (1 Ne. 17:8)

c. 589 B.C.- Lehi 1 and his family arrive in promised land (America); his son Nephi 1 begins record (1 Ne. 19:1-3), called the plates of Nephi (later referred to as large plates of Nephi), upon which Nephi 1 engraves the history of his people, and which become the official record of the Nephites until about A.D. 385; Mulek, son of King Zedekiah of Judah, leaves Jerusalem at time Zedekiah was carried captive into Babylon (Omni 1:15).

Between 588-570 B.C. - Lehi 1 dies (2 Ne 4:12); Nephites separate from the Lamanites (2 Ne. 5:5-14); Lamanites remain in land of Lehi; Nephi 1 leaves with followers and goes to a land, called land of Nephi (2 Ne. 5:8), and builds a temple after the manner of the temple of Solomon (2 Ne. 5:16).

c. 569 B.C. - Nephi 1 is commanded to make another set of plates (2 Ne. 5:30), later referred to as the small plates of Nephi, upon which is recorded the sacred records of the Nephites for approximately 440 years.

Beginning about 544 B.C. - Lamanites swear in their wrath to destroy the Nephites and their records (Enos 1:14); the beginning of contentions and wars between the two groups that occur periodically until the death of Moroni 2 and the ultimate destruction of the Nephites nearly 1,000 years later.

c. 544 B.C. - Nephi 1 dies (Jacob 1:12); is succeeded as keeper of the records by his brother Jacob 2 (Jacob 1:1).

After 544 B.C. - Sherem is one of first avowed anti-Christs, setting the pattern of teachings for later anti-Christs (Jacob 7:1-2).

c. 500 B.C. - Jacob 2, in his old age, delivers sacred plates to his son Enos 2 (Jacob 7:27).

c. After 500 B.C. - Enos 2 cries unto his Maker "in mighty prayer and supplication for mine own soul" for a day and a night (Enos 1:4); his sins are forgiven (Enos 1:5); voice of the Lord comes into his mind promising salvation for the Lamanites in a future day (Enos 1:13).

c. 420 B.C. - Enos 2, being old, writes that Christ has a place prepared for him in the mansions of His Father (Enos 1:27), and passes the record onto his son Jarom (Jarom 1:1).

c. 400 B.C. - By the time the Nephites have been in the promised land 200 years, they have become highly skilled in fine workmanship of wood, buildings, machinery, and also in iron, copper, brass and steel (Jarom 1:8).

c. 361 B.C. - Jarom, who keeps the plates for 59 years, passes them onto his son Omni (Jarom 1:15).

c. 317 B.C. - Amaron, son of Omni, receives the records from his father (Omni 1:3).

Between 279 B.C. - 130 B.C. - Three others keep the records during this period: Chemish, brother of Amaron; Abinadom, son of Chemish; and Amaleki 1 , son of Abinadom (Omni 1:8-12).

During the leadership of Amaleki 1, Mosiah 1 flees land of Nephi in about 270 B.C. with righteous Nephites (Omni 1:12), discovers descendants of the colony of Mulek in Zarahemla (Omni 1:15), becomes king in Zarahemla (Omni 1:19), interpretes large stone containing account of Coriantumr 2, last Jaredite survivor, and "a few words" concerning his fathers (Omni 1:21-22).

People are in relative state of apostasy because they are not receiving any new revelation or prophecy (Omni 1:11)

c. 200 B.C. - Zeniff, desirous of "inheriting the land of our fathers" (Mosiah 9:3), leaves Zarahemla and establishes, with authorization from the Lamanite king Laman 2, a Nephite colony in the land of Lehi-Nephi (Mosiah 9:6), the original lands of Lehi and Nephi that had been vacated by the Nephites; Zeniff is made king of his people.

c. 160 B.C. - Zeniff confers his kingdom upon his son Noah 3, who "did not walk in the [righteous] ways of his father" (Mosiah 11:1)

c. 148 B.C. - Abinadi, a Nephite prophet, is imprisoned in land of Lehi-Nephi for prophesying the destruction of the people and the death of King Noah 3 (Mosiah 12:1-7); Abinadi is put to death by fire (Mosiah 17:20).

Alma 1, a priest of the wicket King Noah 3 and a descendant of Nephi 1, believes words of Abinadi (Mosiah 17:2) and repents (Mosiah 18:1)

C. 147 B.C. - Alma 1 baptizes in waters of Mormon (Mosiah 18:13-16), organizes Church of Christ (Mosiah 18:17), flees into wilderness with his people to avoid destruction by King Noah 3 (Mosiah 18:34), later prospers in a land called Helam (Mosiah 23:19).

c. Between 145-121 B.C. - The language of the Nephites in taught to the Lamanites (Mosiah 24:4); thus the two groups start to speak the same language again.

c. 130 B.C. - In Zarahemla, Amaleki 1, who had no children, delivers the religious records to King Benjamin, a "just man before the Lord" (Omni 1:25), who was a son of King Mosiah 1 (Omni 1:23).

c. 124 B.C. - King Benjamin delivers powerful address to Nephites at the temple in Zarahemla from atop tower so great multitudes could hear (Mosiah chapters 2-4); as a result, the people covenant to take upon themselves the name of Christ and promise to live His commandments (Mosiah 5:5-10).

King Benjamin consecrates his son Mosiah 2 to reign in his stead (Mosiah 6:3).

c. 121 B.C. - King Mosiah 2, desiring to know something concerning the Nephites who went to dwell in the land of Lehi-Nephi nearly 80 years before, sends 16 "strong men" (Mosiah 7:2) from Zarahemla, including Ammon 1 (Mosiah 7:3), "to inquire concerning their brethren"; Ammon 1 finds the people, under King Limhi, in servitude to the Lamanites (Mosiah 7:9, 15).

c. 120 B.C. - Ammon 1 leads Limhi and his people to Zarahemla, bringing with them the record of the Jaredites (Mosiah 22:13-14); Alma 1 and his people escape the bondage of the Lamanites in the land of Helam and arrive in Zarahemla (Mosiah 24:25); King Mosiah 2 authorizes Alma 1 to establish churches in Zarahemla (Mosiah 25:19).

Probably between 100-92 B.C. - Alma 2 and four sons of Mosiah 2 seek to destroy the Church (Mosiah 27:8-9); angel commands them to repent (Mosiah 27:11-16); Alma 2 is struck speechless (Mosiah 27: 19); three days later (Alma 36:10,16) Alma's ability to speak returns and he tells of his redemption "from the bonds of iniquity" and he begins to preach the word of God (Mosiah 27:23-31); the sons of Mosiah 2 travel through the land of Zarahemla striving "to repair all the injuries which they had done to the church" (Mosiah 27:35).

c. 99 B.C. - Moroni 1, chief captain of all Nephite armies (Alma 43:16-17), is born, raises standard of liberty wherever he goes (Alma 62:4), dies in c. 55 B.C. (Alma 63:3).

c. 92 B.C. - King Mosiah 2, the last of the Nephite kings (Mosiah 29:46-47), turns the records that he had translated, including the record of the Jaredites on the 24 gold plates (Mosiah 28:11) over to Alma 2 (Mosiah 28:20). The Jaredite record later becomes the book of Ether in the Book of Mormon.

c. 91 B.C. - The reign of judges begins in land of Zarahemla, ending the reign of the kings; Alma 2 is the first chief judge and high priest (Mosiah 29:42-44); second method of reckoning time among Book of Mormon peoples begins with the reign of judges (Alma 1:1)

c. 83 B.C. - Alma 2 retains office of high priest, but gives up judgment-seat to Nephihah (Alma 4:17-18) so he (Alma 2) "could preach the word of God to his people; Amulek becomes missionary companion of Alma 2 (Alma 8:30).

c. 73 B.C. - Alma 2 saw God, even as father Lehi did (Alma 36:22), gives records to his eldest son Helaman 2, who is also entrusted with the 24 gold plates of the Jaredites and the "interpreters" (Alma 37:1, 21, 24), prophesies destruction of Nephites (Alma 45:10-12), curses land (Americas) because of wickedness (Alma 45:16), probably translated "even as Moses" (Alma 45:19).

c. 67 B.C. - Pahoran 1, son of Nephihah, is appointed third chief judge in his father's stead (Alma 50:39-40).

c. 64 B.C. - Two thousand stripling warriors enter into covenant to fight for liberty of the Nephites (Alma 53:16-18).

c. 56 B.C. - Shiblon, second son of Alma 2 (Alma 31:7), becomes keeper of the records (Alma 63:1).

c. 52 B.C. - Pahoran 2, son of Pahoran 1, becomes fourth chief judge (Hel. 1:5), is murdered by Kishkumen (Hel. 1:9); Pahoran's brother Pacumeni then becomes chief judge (Hel. 1:13).

c. 51 B.C. - Pacumeni is slain by apostate Nephite Coriantumr 3, the commander of the Lamanite forces, who takes Zarahemla, "the strongest hold in all the land" (Hel. 1:15, 21-22); Nephite general Moronihah 1 retakes Zarahemla (Alma 1:33).

c. 50 B.C. - Moronihah 1 re-establishes peace between Nephites and Lamanites (Hel. 2:1); Helaman 3, who had been entrusted with the records by Shiblon about three years before (Alma 63:11), is appointed chief judge (Hel. 2:2)

c. 46 B.C. - Many Nephites leaves Zarahemla, traveling a great distance to the land northward where there was little timber; people become "exceeding expert in the the working of cement" (Hel. 3:3-7)

c. 39 B.C. - Helaman 3 dies, is succeeded as chief judge by his son Nephi 2 (Hel. 3:37).

c. 29 B.C. - The Lamanites become a more righteous people than the Nephites; both prosper in an era of peace (Hel. 6:1,7), a condition that lasts until about 25 B.C.

c. 30 B.C. - Nephi 2 gives up judgment seat to Cezoram (Hel. 5:1) so he and his brother Lehi 4 could "preach the word of God all the remainder" of their days. (Hel. 5:4)

c. 25 B.C. - Gadianton and Kishkumen form a "secret combination" of murderers and plunderers, known as the Gadianton robbers (Hel. 6:18), which commits all manner of wickedness.

d. 24 B.C. - Gadianton robbers seize control of Nephite government (Hel. 6:39).

c. 6 B.C. -Samuel the Lamanite prophesies destruction of Nephites unless they repent (Hel. 13:2-6), foretells birth of the Savior (Hel. 14:2), gives signs of His birth (Hel. 14:3-6)

c. 2 B.C. - Great signs are given unto the people, and the words of the prophets begin to be fulfilled concerning the birth of Jesus (Hel. 16:13-14).

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