Elder Echo Hawk connects Pawnee Indian ancestors with Mormon Pioneers

Credit: Sarah Harris
Credit: Sarah Harris
Credit: Courtesy Larry J. Echo Hawk
Credit: Courtesy Larry J. Echo Hawk
Credit: Courtesy Larry J. Echo Hawk
Credit: Courtesy Larry J. Echo Hawk
Credit: Sarah Harris

Elder Larry J. Echo Hawk, General Authority Seventy, talked about a connection between his Pawnee Indian ancestors and the Mormon Pioneers as he testified on June 27 of the spiritual blessings that come from doing temple work.

He began his remarks during his LDS Business College devotional by explaining the origin of his last name, which was given to his great-grandfather. The hawk is a symbol of bravery among the Pawnee people, and since his brave deeds were spoken of from one side of the village to the other, the elders of the tribe gave him the name Echo Hawk.

Elder Echo Hawk recounted the history of the Pawnee people, who in the 1800s lived in what we now call Nebraska and northern Kansas. In the winter of 1874, the United States government forced them to relocate to the Oklahoma Indian Territory.

“It is a painful history,” Elder Echo Hawk said. “Not only did the Pawnee people lose their homeland, they lost their way of life.”

The suffering of the Pawnee people carried on to future generations. But out of pain was eventually born promise, Elder Echo Hawk said. When he was 14 years old, two missionaries from the Church came into his home and taught his family.

“I have felt the Lord’s hand in my life as I have progressed through many years,” Elder Echo Hawk said.

He said history was made in 1990 when he was elected Idaho’s Attorney General — the first state constitutional office to be held by an American Indian in U.S. history.

Elder Echo Hawk said because of this election, he was honored with a BYU Distinguished Service Award in 1992. In attendance at the Homecoming festivities where he received this award were Dale and Jill Kirkham, a young married couple who had a powerful spiritual prompting they needed to help Elder Echo Hawk with his family history work.

When the Kirkhams later expressed this, Elder Echo Hawk thanked them for their interest in helping him, but explained that this was impossible because the Pawnee Indians were not a record-keeping people.

“But they had planted a feeling in my heart about my ancestors,” Elder Echo Hawk said.

A few months later, he was invited to speak at a large banquet in Nebraska. He felt that he should accept and agreed on the condition that an expert would take him on a tour of the Pawnee lands — the homeland of his people — while Elder Echo Hawk was there.

On this tour, he traveled to Genoa, Nebraska, and was taken to a historical marker that explained the story of the expulsion of the Pawnee people to Oklahoma.

“Interestingly, it was a dual historical monument because on the other side of this marker was the account of another people that the government had failed to protect — another people that had been expelled from their homes in Nauvoo, Illinois: the Mormons,” Elder Echo Hawk said. “Genoa, Nebraska, was a resupply point on the Mormon trail.”

Determined to keep searching for records of his ancestors, Elder Echo Hawk continued his research in Oklahoma and eventually located some old census records of the Pawnee Indians. He said he found the Echo Hawk name on these records, as well as many interesting English names shared by well-known Mormons of the time, such as Brigham Young.

“Do you get a feeling about what was happening back in the mid-1800s at this resupply point where Pawnee Indians were located and Mormons were there?” Elder Echo Hawk asked.

With these census records, he and the Kirkhams were able to research and prepare the names of Elder Echo Hawk’s ancestors for the temple.

The Kirkhams later found in their own family history that Jill Kirkham’s great-great-grandmother traveled with the Mormon pioneers to Genoa, Nebraska, and lived there for 13 years. During this time, Elder Echo Hawk’s great-grandfather was born. He was 5 years old when Jill Kirkham’s great-great-grandmother left Genoa, Nebraska, at the age of 32.

“In my mind’s eye, I see Jill Kirkham’s great-great-grandmother holding my great-grandfather Echo Hawk,” Elder Echo Hawk said. “Something caused Jill Kirkham to have a spirit come to her that said, ‘You need to help.’ She was able to help, and this sacred work was done in the temple.”

Elder Echo Hawk testified that the Lord wants us to hasten His work for both the living and the dead.

“We can know our ancestors, we can do their temple work and this will add to our spiritual strength and our purpose in life,” he said.

Subscribe for free and get daily or weekly updates straight to your inbox
The three things you need to know everyday
Highlights from the last week to keep you informed